Fishing Tackle Marketplace
CALL TOLL FREE 1.877.347.4718
Available Mon-Fri 9AM - 5PM EST
You Are Here:   Home ❱  Fish Identification ❱ 
Fish Identification - Bluegill

Fish Identification Home | Print | Email Friend
Species Facts

Science Name: Lepomis macrochirus
Other Names: bream, blue bream, sun perch, blue sunfish, copperhead, copperbelly, roach
Ideal Temp: 70 to 75
World Record: 4 lbs. 12 ounces AL
Environment: stream, river, lake
Techniques: light tackle, medium tackle
Range: Throughout North America

Angler Tools

Best Times:
Monthly Astro/Lunar Tables
Add Report / 2 Reports Posted
State Records:
46 Sortable State Records Available
Search For Bluegill Fishing Tackle
Tackle Box Helper:
Freshwater ID Cards | Saltwater ID Cards


455 words are in this fish description. Fish descriptions are reserved for LBF members. Please login now or register for free today.

Tips for Fishing

26 words are in the supplied tips for fishing. These fishing tips are reserved for LBF members. Please login now or register for free today.

Post Your Reviews
Post your comments. Reviews can cover fishing tips, best lures, your best catch ever, or whatever else you wish to share. * Required Fields. You must be logged in to post a review. Please login now or register for free today
Email: Optional
Your Grade:
Your Review:*
Read Reviews

  Read 57 reviews
Grade The Review
Pammiepi | Posted: June 14, 2012

I am a pond fisherwoman, and catch many of these guys in our fishing pond off of Black Creek (FL). You can catch them bobber fishing or bottom fishing, but I prefer bottom fishing. Best bait I've found is chicken hotdogs. I've also caught them on worms, dough balls, a plastic worm/grub lures meant for Specks or Bass. They are good fighters on light tackle, and are quite tasty. Some can get to a pretty good size in the ponds & creeks around here.

Mark D | Posted: January 27, 2012

In winter somedays Bluegills prefer you not jig at all. The new bobbers by frabil can show you when the bigger fish inhale making the bobber rise instead of spinging downward. Smooth follow through set keeps from pulling the hook out of its mouth.

Larry | Posted: October 18, 2011

Bluegill are easy to catch on almost anything. I grew up in IA fishing farm ponds and never took anything but a can 'o corn. Bluegills love it. Worms, bread, heck I have caught 12 in 1/2 hour with a tiny trout hook and NO bait. they hit at the shinny hook. I think we can all agree bluegill are the best!!

riley | Posted: May 16, 2009

When bluegills eat your worm or other kinds of live bait reel fast.

DSM Bank Beater | Posted: March 29, 2009

I use a fly rod with a tiny white popper to quickly scout water. When I see those big bluegill rise to the popper, or hear that telltale "kiss", I work the area thoroughly with a light Zebco, #10 Tru-turn hook, and pink Berkley Crappie nibbles or Gulp mini earthworms. You can catch active fish quickly without wasting a lot of time on empty water. Good Luck!

VOL FAN | Posted: March 12, 2009

Here is a homemade bait that is easy to make and fish half cup of flower Then add water till it looks like bread dough Add red food coloring Microwave 20 to 30 seconds It may sound wierd but the bream really hit well on it give it a try it is something the kids will enjoy to.

VOL FAN | Posted: March 12, 2009

If you have never used a wax or mill worm i sugest you try it. For my whole life i used nightcrawlers until about april of 2008 I started using mill and wax worms they work 40 times better Than nightcrawlers i started catching fish every cast And i was AMAZED by how they worked better than nightcrawlers and are less trouble. Mill and WAX worms are your best choice Just try it once in your favorite bluegill fishing hole i promise you will buy them again and it does not take a pro to catch 50 to 70 fish in a good spot with this bait I PROMISE. i have done it before if i can do it you can do it to. Norris lake TENNESSEE

VOL FAN | Posted: March 12, 2009

Whin fishing on the bank with live bait it is best to reel it in slowley this can get the fish that are not right on the bank and probablly attracts them to the bait.if

Vol fan 1 | Posted: March 12, 2009

Mill worms And Wax worms Are The best Bait for me. use at the biggest size 4 hook (i prefer A 6 Or A 8) If you do use night crawlers try cutting them in half. This is what works for me if you try it i hope It works for you 2 GO VOLS

Vols 1 | Posted: March 12, 2009

Where i fish (Norris Lake) They Start Hitting About 8:45 Am and stop just before dark Near Docks Under brush Or Near Most Banks Use Wax worms Night crawlers mill worms Red worms or crickets or grasshopers I have had best success with mill worms or wax worms

seans sportfishin | Posted: March 3, 2009

blue gill bite best in midsummer were i fish(lopez lake)and are usuly caght on worm bober rigs in structer riden coves or near docks

kingfisher | Posted: March 3, 2009

fish in summer, near docks weedbeds,and other struter with bobers or drop lines baited with crawlers

Desertwolf77 | Posted: August 27, 2008

I usually find them in the morning hours under and around structures like docks and low piers. I use a small to medium size hook on a crappie pole, though a rod and reel works just as well just don't cast out more than a few feet from the structure. I find crickets to work really well for bait, but my kids have gotten several with red worms. Good luck.

charlie | Posted: August 10, 2008

when fishing for bluegill use waxworms. when i went fishing in michigan i caught two and it was my first time fishing.

Joe | Posted: July 10, 2008

Never use bug hooks. ALWAYS use medium or small. Blue gill will never go after something bigger then there mouth

JD | Posted: July 4, 2008

When fishing for bluegill you can also catch them on chicken(cooked)

kareem | Posted: June 5, 2008

use a size 4 shank hook. make sure it is gold and small.because blue gill have small mouths. and us a floaty use carp bait bluegills will eat just about any thing. GOOD LUCK

Tim | Posted: May 12, 2008

one word: Crickets

[email protected] | Posted: January 13, 2008

Use a size #8 Black foam Beettle fly in the shallows. Use a small split shot sinker (heavy enough to hold down the fly) about 8 to 12 inches from the Beetle tipped with a crappie nibbler or part of a worm. The fly will supsend of the bottem, twitch it and wait for the bite/hit and hold on.

bassboy12345 | Posted: January 4, 2008

Bluegill will take the Mcginty bee fly pattern like candy.

bassboy12345 | Posted: November 20, 2007

Bluegills are very easy to catch while fly fishing and many trout anglers fly fishing a trout lake end up catching bluegill instead.

taicher | Posted: October 31, 2007

If fishing in a pond use chicken liver with a #6 treble hook as this bait is flimsy. Use a bobber and they will hit this all day long as soon as it hits the water.

AVNEEL KUMAR | Posted: October 11, 2007

ALWAYS FISH WITH A #6 HOOK WITH APEICE OF NIGHT CRAWLER ON A SHALLOW and grassy bed. If you are fishing in a stream where there's rocky cliffs cast your pole rigth on the side of the rock

b fish man | Posted: August 3, 2007

they love BREAD pack in little balls.

JR | Posted: July 22, 2007

this might sound weird but it works.just spit in the water where fishing for any (panfish)and it should attract the fish

J.B. | Posted: July 10, 2007

Use a white beetle spin with a red dot. Cast in close to cypress knees and reel in slooooow... found this works the best; but you still can't beat the ol' worm and bobber routine.

adam craif | Posted: July 10, 2007

you can use worms or spinner baites that spinner baite you can use for bluegill go out and and try it

Brandon | Posted: July 2, 2007

Always use WORMS!also use a bobin because they bring it down fast

Lyn | Posted: June 11, 2007

size 8 hook & a can of sinker, no bobber....just you & the fish :o) see who wins. Right now they are on the beds & will do anything to protect them, I like to bug them just a little bit, by dropping my line off a dock & slowly lifting & dropping the bait, until they get so angry they nab it. Fake bait is not for people that like to eat fish, if you want dinner use redworms.

Jake/IA | Posted: February 17, 2007

Alot of people talk about shallow water and weeds. But recently I have been having wild success fishing in rivers not far below the spillways. Any where from right below the spill way to 1mile down stream. The banks are usually rip-rap (big pieces of rock chunk that were brought up from missouri. And bluegill rock bass and smallies love to hang out in the various holes on the river banks that are formed by these huge chunks. 1/32 oz jig heads with waxies jigging sraight down or casting up stream and letting the current carry the jig down in front of you should work well spring/fall. Good Luck :)

jon | Posted: December 2, 2006

just use crickets or worms and they will bite like crazy

CSH | Posted: September 8, 2006

Bread always works good for me. Use a small hook and a small chunk of bread. I catch them a minute after I cast it out.

Justin | Posted: September 7, 2006

I'm a fan of using bait right out of the kitchen. One of the best baits I've found for bluegill is raw bacon. I keep a strip or two in the freezer, which hardens it and makes it stay on better. Pinch off about a fingernail size of bacon (the fat is the most durable) and slip it onto a small hook. Bring any excess bacon back over the barbs, so that very little extends beyond the hook. Drop the line about two feet from the surface near a pier or other cover. If there are bluegill nearby, they'll start attacking immediately. Keep the line tight and get ready to haul in some fish.

david | Posted: May 21, 2006

I caught ten of the babies today!

BRS | Posted: May 15, 2006

Use waxworms on a hook with feathers. This way you will catch fish without the mess or stink of worms. (Good one for the wife.) You might even get a couple perch.

TONY C. | Posted: March 14, 2006


Chris | Posted: November 5, 2005

If u target the bigger bluegills then use mutton heads(small minows) about 2 inches long hooked behind the dorsal fin-#6-#10 snelled eagle claws work well-. I prefer to use a european slip bobble, because it can detect the littest of bites, but a slip bobber or clip is fine. Fish on the shady side of cover during the day, and try working shallow cover during the night. I came 2 ounces away from the state record this way. Good luck, and remember aim high. Chris,

Tim | Posted: November 4, 2005

use crickets

Marc M | Posted: August 17, 2005

When fishing for bluegill, I found that the best way to catch them is fishing with worms. Both nightcrawlers and mealworms work well. The key is to use a small hook, about size 10. Use only enough of the worm to cover the hook and no more. Make sure the worm slides up the hook and the end of the worm is hanging right on the blade. When fishing this technique, I usually cast out 4-5 feet from shore or by structures. If you let the bait set, youre bound to catch bluegill of some kind, but I like to slowly reel in my bait, and this way catch the larger more aggresive bluegill. Using this method, I was catching bluegill within a minute of every cast.

Kathy | Posted: August 9, 2005

Make sure that the tip of your hook is not showing. Those little blue gills do like to bite on those worms if they are showing.

Brandon | Posted: July 23, 2005

To catch Bluegill in the Passaic river in New Jersey all you need to use for bait is bread. Bluegill love it and you'll be catching them in seconds.

mike | Posted: July 7, 2005

for bream use a small roster tail once you see a shcool of them under trees where there is shade and cooler water. that is how I fish for them.

Louie | Posted: May 30, 2005

When fishing for bluegill, find areas of cover. Such as a dock or an aquatic plant. The best time to fish for bluegill every day is up to 2 hours after sunrise and up to 2 hours before sunset. Earthworm is BEST bait.

bsnakeeyes | Posted: March 23, 2005

When fishing for bream, with a cricket, use a white or yellow crappie bite just above the hook. It works.

Chelsea | Posted: February 18, 2005

Bread is the best, just cast about 4-5ft. from shore and wait a lil'. Using this method we caught over 40 in one day.

ClemsonTgrsN1Fan | Posted: December 14, 2004

Try using small crankbaits such as Rebel TadFrys and Strike King Bitsy Pond Minnows. Also small minnows work well for bluegill, redbreast, catfish, and crappie. Other lures I use are small curly tail grubs and sliders. Crickets and worms work well, but small lures and minnows cath bigger fish.

haley h | Posted: September 25, 2004

I fish alot in missouri which is where i live and i think that to catch bluegill and other sunfish that you using worms is a good way and i have caught some good sunfish and a few nice bass off of them .. but really i when i go fishing I go to the bait shop and get CRICKETS!! i think that they are the best!! and when i run out of crickets i might fins a grass hopper to put on the hook. i mean they are cheap and for a small fisher like me they catch ALOT of fish when it is colder outside they stay closer to shore and when it is warmer they will move out to cooler water. Usually on a nice day u can find them near a "brush" pile in the water or a place where it is safe,cool. and also they will go under docks. crickets are great my dad even caught a catfish off one and it was about 15 pounds.. put i think that you should try it when u go to a near by lake... o yeah i also found that they start to bite at about 7pm a little bit better,

Thomas | Posted: September 4, 2004

Use 10 pound line with no. 10 hook, cut off half an inch of worm and thread it on the hook until tip of hook is visible, then cast bait along the sides of reeds, vegetation or structure that provides shade. Watch your line drop in the water when it starts going fast gently lift rod tip and pull slowly until you feel fish, then reel it in, you don't need to set the hook.

James Gebo | Posted: July 15, 2004

Here is an easy way to catch bluegill/sunfish, in some ponds you may see some bluegill staying in one spot the whole time you are there this happened to me once at powdermill pond TN, anyway take a full nightcrawler (do not tear half of it off)and put it on the hook, you shouldn't have to cast because the bluegill will be pretty close. Now pull out some line with your drag and lightly drom the worm in the buegill will grabit. The reason you should not take some of the nightcrawler off is beacause when the fish bites it usauly bites the part that is hanging of of the hook and then he thinks that it is safe so he eats the rest of it. I caught 3 bluegill this way.

Aron | Posted: July 10, 2004

Mainly use a tiny Panther Martin in relatively deep water with a split shot 2 feet above the spinner. Cast out and reel in fairly slow, then let the split shot come right up to the rods eye and look down to see your panther martin in the water below you. Now take the panther martin and swing it around in the water a few times and a little bluegill should pop right out at it.

jeremy pryor | Posted: July 2, 2004

If in a boat, use a float and cast about 3 or 4 feet away from shore. If your on shore do the same thing cast about 3 or 4 feet away from shore. For bait use small chunks of bread or small chunks of worm. I caught 66 blue gill over a period of three days in a small pond doing this.

iccobod | Posted: June 28, 2004

To catch bluegill and other sunfish use bread.

in-fisherman | Posted: June 9, 2004

If your fishing for bluegill, the best thing for a small pond is to cast along a weed-line close to shore, with a small hook and a real worm. Put a small sinker, just enough to cast 20 yards, and don't let the worm sink just keep it up and reel it in slowly. I CAUGHT 41 BLUGILL THIS WAY IN 2 DAYS, IN MISSOURI.

Alberto | Posted: December 22, 2003

Red worms have proven to be the most effective for bluegills at rivers and ponds in Chihuahua, Mexico.

Between May and August, a can of worms may get you to land a couple dozen per evening, 4PM to 8PM. The largest up to 8+ inches.

yama saidi | Posted: September 23, 2003

The best thing in the world to catch bluegill is using pennut butter mixed with tortilla dough, also mixed with honey. the place where you often find bluegill is under docks, wood, and other places where they feel safe.

David Rivet | Posted: February 22, 2003

Great write up bluegills and habitats. Pound for pound, one of the best fighting game fish around. If you're ever in Louisiana and you're fishing the Atchafalya Spillway during spawning season, bring along a little 8 foot piroque, fly rod n reel, 4lb test line and some (multi-colored) #10 Accardo popping bugs and float across the weed beds flipping that popper into open pockets in the grass. Bring an extra ice chest in your other boat when you do. A trip you'll always remember!

Kyle Gadaire | Posted: April 8, 2002

If targeting big bluegill, try a chunk of nightcrawler under a panfish-sized float. Try to look for weedlines or other obvious structure. This is how i caught a 9 inch Bluegill last fall.